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Colloidal calcium and active silica mixture for consolidating injections

Mikrosana is a mixture of cement-free binders, recommended for injecting consolidation of brick, stone and mixed structures. Its hydraulic grip is based on the active lime-microsilica reaction and the presence of hydraulic calcium free of harmful soluble salts. Its exceptional fluidity, coupled with extremely small particle size, allows it to penetrate less than 1.5 mm pores and cracks. The addition of natural and artificial pozzolans allows progressive hydration and hardening beyond the standard 28 days of ripening. Mikrosana, thanks to its particular constituents, is totally compatible with old mortars, which makes its use particularly recommended for the injection consolidation of antique plasters, even in the presence of frescoes.
Customs code
3824 5090

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    Obtained Certifications and Regulations
    EN 998-2M10
    Lines of belonging
    Linea prodotto Infratech
    Linea prodotto Opus
    Linea prodotto Sanageb
    Thematic site
    Grout Power
    Features and benefits
    Where it is used
    How to use
    Technical data
    Additional content
    Warnings and precautions
    Related products


    "• Extremely low hydration heat;
    • High water vapour permeability;
    • Low elastic modulus;
    • Good mechanical resistance with slow and gradual mechanical resistance development;
    • High support adhesion;
    • Extremely fine binders and aggregates that allow high penetration crack and porous injections;
    • Well-distributed structural consolidation and rebalancing across the entire masonry body;
    • Compatibility with antique plasters and traditional materials;
    • No expansive crystallization reactions or rejection by standard antique masonry materials;
    • Absolutely no bleeding (mix water separation)."

    Fields of application
    "Mikrosana is used for consolidating and re-adhesive injections of antique and frescoed plasters and as a grout for consolidation and rehabilitation injections of brick, stone and mixed structures.
    Particularly recommended for antique wall structures with issues of compatibility between wall structure components and standard cement-based or epoxy-based reinforcement injections.
    When applying consolidating injections in sizeable antique masonry volumes, it is recommended to avoid:
    • The hardening of some injected areas faster than others (e.g. use of rapid hardening cement)
    • Water vapour barriers that interfere with the normal breathability of the wall structure (e.g. use of epoxy resin injections);
    • Stressing the wall structure with excessive heat build-up during the hardening of binding mixtures (e.g. use of extra-fine Portland cement).
    • Chemical incompatibility with materials in the wall structure (e.g. potential formation of sulfoaluminates, such as ettringite and thaumasite, from the reaction between sulphates in the wall structure and Portland cement)."

    Allowed supports
    Mixed walls (bricks and stones)
    Stone walls
    Preparation of supports
    "Before consolidating injections, joint grouting and masonry cracks must be sealed to prevent the injected material from leaking out. This can be done in the following ways:
    • By providing, if plastering, a Untersana rendering coat or plaster made on site using the natural hydraulic lime CALCESANA;
    • By performing, if the masonry is to left exposed, perfect pointing of joints and discontinuities (e.g. cracks, dents, gaps) with one of the following mortars: Sanazieg, Sanalink or Unisan (to be chosen depending on the structural needs and characteristics of the antique mortars in the wall structure).
    After sealing the discontinuities, make a pattern of holes, with a slightly downward incline, in correspondence with the mortar joints. Usually 4-6 holes are made per square metre with approximately 50cm separation and 20mm diameter. However, the exact arrangement and diameter of holes, angle of inclination, depth of penetration and any reinforcement of holes is to be decided by the designer and works manager, according to decisions based on structure type, degradation and intended result.
    After blowing out disintegrated mortar and dust, wet the holes with water. Then insert plastic tubes (diameter 10 to 30 mm as needed) to convey the injection mixture well inside the holes. The tubes must be fixed to the masonry with one of the following mortars: Sanazieg, Sanalink or Unisan."

    Mode of use
    Mikrosana mixing must be carried out with a high efficiency mechanical stirrer (e.g. twin-helix mixer with speed variator), with correct minimum/maximum water ratios (from 20% to 23% based on the weight of the premix), for at least three minutes. Mikrosana acquires exceptional fluidity only after effective mixing. Once the desired consistency has been obtained, it is recommended to pass the mix through a 2 mm mesh sieve (or similar) to remove any lumps before injecting.
    Injecting can be performed using gravity or mechanical means, from the lower holes first up to the higher ones, and with a pressure limited to sub 2 atm. If using mechanical means, pumping must be adjustable to low pressures. The mixture has a long useful life (> 1 hour), but it is recommended to keep it moving during work pauses and to stop using it after more than 3 hours, since, though not visible to the eye naked, it can begin to lose its exceptional fluidity and ability to penetrate into micro-cavities and micro-cracks."

    Application methods
    Tool cleaning
    Key features
    Maximum diameter of aggregate
    Maximum diameter of aggregate: 0.5 mm
    Mix with water
    Mix with water: 20-23 %
    Pot-life: 60 min
    Shelf-life: 12 months
    Technical specifications

    Compressive strength
    UNI EN 1015-11

    > 12 N/mm²

    Flexural strength
    UNI EN 1015-11

    > 3 N/mm²

    Bonding force
    UNI EN 1015-12

    0.8 N/mm²

    Thermal conductivity
    EN 1745

    0.47 W/mK

    Static elastic modulus
    EN 13142

    5000 - 7000 MPa

    Permeability to water vapor
    EN 1745

    5/20 μ

    Capillary absorption
    UNI EN 1015-18

    0.48 kg•h^0.5/m²

    UNI EN 1015-6

    1700 kg/m³

    Chloride content
    UNI EN 1015-17

    0.0098 %

    Water penetration after capillary absorption
    UNI EN 1015-18

    2.2 mm
    Approximately 1400 kg of Mikrosana for each cubic metre of volume to be filled.
    Available colors
    Packaging and dimensions
    Bag 25 kg
    Pallet: 50 x (Bag 25 kg)
    Storage and conservation
    Protect from humidity.
    Additional content

    The general information, along with any instructions and recommendations for use of this product, including in this data sheet and eventually provided verbally or in writing, correspond to the present state of our scientific and practical knowledge.
    Any technical and performance data reported is the result of laboratory tests conducted in a controlled environment and thus may be subject to modification in relation to the actual conditions of implementation.

    Azichem Srl does not assume any liability arising from inadequate characteristics related to improper use of the product or connected to defects arising from factors or elements unrelated to the quality of the product, including improper storage.
    Those wishing to utilise the product are required to determine prior to use whether or not the same is suitable for the intended use, assuming all consequent responsibility.

    The technical and characteristic details contained in this data sheet shall be updated periodically. For consultation in real time, please visit the website: www.azichem.com. The date of revision is indicated in the space to the side. The current edition cancels out and replaces any previous version.

    Please note that the user is required to read the latest Safety Data Sheet for this product, containing chemical-physical and toxicological data, risk phrases and other information regarding the safe transport, use and disposal of the product and its packaging. For consultation, please visit: www.azichem.com.
    It is forbidden to dispose of the product and/or packaging in the environment.
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